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Lung Cancer

The vital respiratory organs in the human body are called Lungs. These two lungs are located on either side of the heart near the backbone. Lungs are responsible for primarily, to carry oxygen from the atmosphere into the blood, and to release carbon dioxide from the blood into the atmosphere.

What is Lung Cancer?

When out-of-control cell growth occurs in one or both lungs, it is diagnosed as Lung Cancer. Though majority of it arises in the epithelial cells, which are the lining of the Bronchi and bronchioles i.e. the larger and the smaller airways of the lungs , cancer can arise in any part of the lung. Elderly are mostly affected by Lung cancer & almost 70% of people diagnosed with lung cancer are over 65 years of age.

Based on the cancer's appearance under a microscope Lung Cancer is largely classified into two main types viz. Small Cell Carcinoma: 20% of the total lung cancer’s is this type, and Non small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): 80% of the total lung cancer’s is this type
  • Small cell carcinoma: It initiates in one of the larger breathing tubes, grows fairly rapidly, and by the time of diagnosis is likely to be large.
  • Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): It is further classified into the following:
    • Epidermoid carcinoma or Squamous cell carcinoma: it usually starts from one of the larger breathing tubes and forms in the lining of the bronchial tubes and grows relatively slowly.
    • Adenocarcinoma: It is most common type of lung cancer in Women’s and Non-smokers and starts forming in the mucus-producing glands of the lungs. that occurs
    • Large cell caracinoma: This kind of NSCLC grows rapidly and initiates near the surface of the lung.

Causes of Lung Cancer

The major causes of Lung cancer are as follows:
  • Smoking
  • Passive smoking
  • Asbestos fibers: Asbestos fibers are formed in lung tissue following exposure to asbestos, they are silicate fibers that can persist for a lifetime. Compared to nonsmokers Asbestos workers who do not smoke have a fivefold greater risk of developing lung cancer.
  • Radon gas: It is a natural decay product of Radium
  • Family history.
  • Lung diseases like Tuberculosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Air pollution

Lung Cancer Symptoms

Usually once the disease reaches an advanced stage Lung cancer symptoms appear. These include:
  • Constant or severe coughing
  • Severe coughing leading to Pain in the chest or back
  • sputum/ mucus is different coloured
  • Having difficulty in swallowing and breathing
  • voice becomes husky
  • Chronic bronchitis or pneumonia
  • Coughing up of blood in the sputum
Lung Cancer Diagnosis Lung cancer can be diagnosed by:
  • Patient’s physical examination, analysis of the patients medical history and personal habits.
  • Use of chest X-rays, bronchoscopy, CT scans, MRI scans, and PET scans; common imaging techniques.
  • Lung Biopsy
  • Sputum Cytology

Lung Cancer Treatment

Category and stage of the Lung cancer determine the line of treatment. Age, health condition, and additional personal characteristics are the other factors that areconsidered while selecting a treatment. Treatment usually consists of a combination of therapies and palliative care. Surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation are the main lung cancer treatments.

  • Surgery: Surgery is done if the cancer is in initial stages and the tumor has not spread. In it the tumor and the surrounding margin of tissue is removed surgically. It is not possible to remove all the cancer cells through surgery if the disease has spread.
  • Radiotherapy: in it by focusing high-energy rays on lung cancer tumor cells they are destroyed or shrunken through radiation. To treat cancer or to kill the remaining cancerous tissue, radiation can be used as the main treatment for lung cancer or can also be used along with surgery.
  • Chemotherapy: strong chemicals are administered to the patient in Chemotherapy which hinders the cell division process.
  • Interventional Radiology: to kill the tumor cells, in this small heat probes are inserted into the tumor.
Lung Cancer Package


  • Airport Pick-up and Drop
  • Hospital Stay in a Private Room as indicated above. One attendant can stay with the patient.
  • Nursing & Diet charges.
  • Routine lab tests
  • Admitting Consultant's visit charges
  • Surgeon’s Fees and OT Charges


  • Hospital stay after the said period.
  • Visit charges after the said period.
  • Cross consultations, if any.
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