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Cervical Cancer

The cervix opens at the top of the vagina & is also known as the neck of the uterus. It is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus. It is cylindrical or conical in shape and protrudes through the upper anterior vaginal wall.

What is Cervical Cancer

Malignancy that starts in the cervix is called the Cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is known to be initiated from the cells located on the surface of the cervix. Two types of Cells are located on the cervix's surface : Squamous and Columnar Cells. Squamous cells of the two are more prone to cancer. The cervix and nearby tissues are invaded more deeply into over time by the cervical cancer. It is the third most common type of cancer in women Worldwide.

Causes of Cervical Cancer

HPV (human papilloma virus) causes approximately all cervical cancers, it is spread through sexual intercourse. Major risk factors for cervical cancer are as follows:
  • early age sex
  • multiple sexual partners, and sexual partners who in turn have multiple partners and partake in high-risk sexual activities
  • Weakened immune system

Cervical Cancer Symptoms

Some widespread symptoms that may occur are:
  • during menstruation or after an intercourse abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Vaginal discharge is continuous which may be pale, watery, brown, bloody or foul smelling.
  • Heavy bleeding with long lasting periods.
  • Body ache specifically in the back, pelvic region or legs.
  • Fatigue
  • Leakage of urine or feces from vagina
  • appetite loss
  • Swelling in legs.
  • Weight Loss

Cervical Cancer Diagnosis

Special tests and tools are needed to diagnose cervical cancer.
  • Pap smears screen
  • The opening if the cervix is examined through Endocervical curettage (ECC)
  • Cone biopsy
  • CT scan
  • Cystoscopy
  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  • MRI

Cervical Cancer Treatment

The size, shape and stage of the cancer determine the treatment of cervical cancer . factors like, age and health of the patient, her desire for having children in future also play a major role in finalizing the line of treatment.
  • Surgery: surgery is done for removal or destruction of cancerous cells. Different types of surgeries done for early cervical cancer are:
    • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP): to eliminate abnormal tissues electricity is used in this procedure.
    • Cryotherapy: In this therapy the abnormal cells are made to freeze
    • Laser therapy: with the help of light malignant cells are burnt in this procedure.
    • Radical hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus and other surrounding tissues including lymph nodes and upper part of the vagina is done in this procedure.
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy.
Cervical Cancer Package

Inclusions

  • Airport Pick-up and Drop
  • Hospital Stay in a Private Room as indicated above. One attendant can stay with the patient.
  • Nursing & Diet charges.
  • Routine lab tests
  • Admitting Consultant's visit charges
  • Surgeon’s Fees and OT Charges

Exclusions

  • Hospital stay after the said period.
  • Visit charges after the said period.
  • Cross consultations, if any.
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